Monday, September 30, 2019
1803 Ã¢â¬â First phase ofÃ Padri War * Began in 1803 prior to Dutch Intervention and lasted until 1825 * also called theÃ Minangkabau War * a conflict that had broken out in Minangkabau state between the so calledÃ adatÃ andÃ padriÃ religious factions. The Adats wereÃ MinangkabauÃ traditionalists who wanted to continue to include indigenous pre-Islamic religious practices and social traditions in local custom (Islam Abangan). The Padris, like contemporaneous jihadists in theÃ Sokoto CaliphateÃ of West Africa), wereÃ IslamistÃ reformers who had made theÃ hajjÃ to Mecca and returnedÃ inspired to bring the Qur'an andÃ shariahÃ to a position of greater influence in Sumatra. * The Dutch intervened from 1821 and helped the Adats defeat the Padri faction. 1806 Ã¢â¬â British and Dutch went to war 1811-1816 Ã¢â¬â Thomas Stamford Raffles is Lieutenant-Governer of Java (East IndiaÃ Company officerÃ¢â¬â British) 1816 Ã¢â¬â British handed Indonesia back to the Dutch Many Indonesians resisted the return of the Dutch. However the Dutch eventually defeated them and regained control 1825 Ã¢â¬â The Java War * Happened in Central Java * led by Pangeran Diponegoro (the eldest son of the sultan of Yogyakarta) * initial cause: The Dutch wanted to build a road across Diponegoro's property thatÃ had a sacred tomb in it. * war ended with Dutch victory in 1830 1831 Ã¢â¬â Second Phase of Pad ri War * Lasted until 1838 1870-1900 Ã¢â¬â The Liberal Period 1873-1913 Ã¢â¬â The Aceh War was an armed military conflict between theSultanate of AcehÃ and theÃ NetherlandsÃ which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the U. S. inSingaporeÃ during early 1873. The war was part of a series of conflicts in the late 19th century that consolidated Dutch rule over modern-dayÃ Indonesia, concurrent with theÃ 1906Ã and theÃ 1908Ã interventions inÃ Bali 1879 Ã¢â¬â KartiniÃ was born inÃ Jepara, today the date is commemorated as women's emancipation day in Indonesia. Raden Ayu Ã Kartini, (21 April 1879 Ã¢â¬â 17 September 1904), or sometimes known asÃ Raden Ajeng Kartini, was a prominentÃ JavaneseÃ and anÃ IndonesianÃ national heroine. Kartini is known as a pioneer in the area ofÃ women's rightsÃ for native Indonesians. 1894 Ã¢â¬â Lombok War * Ã The Dutch looted and destroyed the Cakranegara palace ofÃ Mataram . Ã J. L. A. Brandes, a Dutch philologist discovered and savedÃ NagarakretagamaÃ manuscript in Lombok royal library. 1898 Ã¢â¬â General van HeutzÃ becomes chief of staff of Aceh campaign and WilhelminaÃ becomes queen of the Netherlands.
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Sunday, September 29, 2019
The balance of power in Europe had been suddenly altered after the German victory over France in 1871. The resultant German Empire, with its large population great economic power, strong army and extensive resources, looked clear to be an important factor in international relations. However, even for Bismarck this looked set to be a challenge, due to the need not only to establish the Empire as a nation, but to also found an external security that would prove to be vital throughout his reign as Chancellor. Although was this set policy an overall success? BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s main objectives in the proposal of the instituted policies were to isolate France in Europe; maintain the balance of peace on the continent Ã¢â¬â particularly between Austria and Russia, who Bismarck feared would come to blows over the escalating problems in the Balkans Ã¢â¬â as well as maintaining his secured German territory; avoid fighting a war on two fronts and the Chancellor also desired, perhaps greedily, to have the control and power of two other powers in Europe as well as in Germany. The ideal for Bismarck was to establish a run of successful policies to achieve these goals and thus substantiate Germany as both the most powerful and influential of the Great Powers in Europe. The immediate problem in BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s international relations appeared to be the threat of the new French Republic. The government still viewed BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s German Empire with resentment after its defeat, and then the loss of Alsace-Lorraine, to Germany, which for the state not only meant the loss of valuable territory, but also represented the demise of French supremacy in Europe. However, France was in no real state to seek her revenge alone and knew, just as well as Bismarck, that an alliance was her only hope. Furthermore not only did Bismarck need to deal with this to ensure success in his foreign policy, but he felt that there was great diplomatic value in being able to count both Austria-Hungary and Russia as friends. Yet once again this was not without its difficulties, as the sensitive situation in the Balkans had led to rivalry between the states as to who would eventually gain power in the area after the demise of the Ottoman Empire. This in turn led to the declaration of a series of both lucrative and ineffective policies. In answer to his search for friendship with Austria and Russia to deal with both his desire for friendship with the two Great Powers and aid his plan for the isolation of France, Bismarck met with the state leaders and an agreement for the Ã¢â¬ËDreikaiserbundÃ¢â¬â¢ (Three Emperors League) was set in 1873. Although quite vague, the bill was a short-term success for Bismarck, as it allowed him to isolate France without causing suspicion and meant he could avoid making a choice between Austria and Russia. The powers had agreed that matters of common interest would be consulted, which was also of great interest to Bismarck as it meant a better understanding between the nations had been instituted causing Bismarck to believe that in the case of a war with France he would have the support of Austria and Russia. Further successes for Bismarck in terms of foreign policy were the Dual Alliance of 1879 and the Three Emperors Alliance of 1881. In response to RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s rejection of the Three Emperors League, Bismarck negotiated an alliance with Austria. Such a grouping strengthened both the nations power in the case of a war with Russia, although Austria agreed that in the case of a war with France she would remain neutral, thus resulting in the isolation of France but the reinforcement of German power. However, although the Chancellor decided it was best kept secret from Russia Ã¢â¬â though they did discover the details of the arrangement Ã¢â¬â he did not regard the alliance as a final choice between Austria and Russia. Therefore the alliance in fact meant more to Austria who had finally escaped the diplomatic isolation she had suffered since the Crimean War. On the other hand, after RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s discovery of the Dual Alliance, and the realisation of her isolation in Europe, she turned back to Germany and the result was a more specific revision of the past Dreikaiserbund. Once more this was successful for Bismarck in that it isolated France and prevented the situation of having to choose between Austria and Russia. The final of BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policies also secured successes for the Chancellor. The Triple Alliance of 1882 between Germany, Austria and Italy reassured Bismarck that unless a Franco-Russian alliance was formed then the prospect of war from either nation whilst standing alone could be easily contained. This alliance was, from BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s viewpoint, aimed directly towards the segregation of France, as he was aware that she could not, and so would not attack Germany single-handedly. However, yet again the Dreikaiserbund was destroyed in 1885 due to further problems in the Balkans, and it became clear that disputes in this area were unlikely to ever be fully resolved. This time Bismarck needed to desperately to avoid the prospect of a war on two fronts. This concluded in the Reinsurance Treaty of 1887, which tried to localize the problem by assuring Russia that Bismarck would not support Austria in a clash over the Balkans territory. By documenting that in the case of a war between two of the powers that the remaining power would remain neutral, Bismarck succeeded in both preventing a war on two fronts and obtaining the neutrality he desired. Lastly, BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s final foreign policy, the Second Mediterranean Agreement of 1887, was mainly successful for due to the fact that he merely sponsored the act and did not become involved in its negotiations. By encouraging the agreement Bismarck managed to restrain Russia from assuming a provocative position in the Balkans, thus preventing both the possibility of a war between Austria and Russia as well as Bismarck from perhaps having to choose between the two. However, these policies only ensured short-term successes for Germany and perhaps from the failures we can see that some of the long lasting effects of BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s policies were more serious. The first major failure in BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy was in his handling of the Ã¢â¬ËWar in Sight CrisisÃ¢â¬â¢ of 1875 when the French recovery and rearmament provoked Germany into a diplomatic crisis, this then escalated out of control, with the Chancellor prohibiting any trade with France and the papers predicting war. Finally Bismarck himself raised the spectre of war, which resulted in condemnation from Britain and Russia, and the realisation for Bismarck that a war on two fronts remained a possibility and that the other powers were suspicious of him and would not tolerate a growth in German power. The incident also failed in that Germany was forced to reassure France war was not a possibility, thus not only failing to isolate France but causing Bismarck great diplomatic humiliation throughout the continent. This is furthermore evidence that the Three Emperors League failed Bismarck, as it did not give him the support from Russia he had believed would be obtained from such an agreement. Further humiliation for Bismarck came in 1878 in the form of the Congress of Berlin. Russia was forced to choose between a war with Britain or a revision of the proposed San Stefano Treaty concerning the Balkans. Although Germany remained neutral throughout the conference, this resulted in the Dreikaiserbund being dissolved, as Russia had hoped she could rely on GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s support, which was denied. Russia later blamed Bismarck for her diplomatic defeat and referred to the fiasco 1Ã¢â¬ ³ a coalition of the European powers against Russia under the leadership of Prince BismarckÃ¢â¬ . Yet this was not the Conferences only failure as Bismarck had also failed to maintain the peace within Europe, thus making an enemy of Russia, and in the long-term the problems in the Balkans remained unresolved. While successful in some ways for BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy, the Three Emperors League was only short-term and failed to secure solutions to the enduring difficulties in the demising Ottoman Empire. This is also similar of the effects of the Triple Alliance, Reinsurance Treaty and Second Mediterranean Agreement, which though too had their success failed to obtain any long-term solutions. The Triple Alliance failed to prevent a war on two fronts from Russia and France, as Italy was not a strong military ally able to match the combined forces of France and Russia, thus leaving Germany in a vulnerable position. The Reinsurance Treaty was very similar in that it was only short-term as France and Russia did eventually join in the Ã¢â¬ËEntenteÃ¢â¬â¢. Bismarck further created himself problems, as the Second Mediterranean Agreement left him with no alliance to Russia, and so creating possible problems for the future. Finally by the end of BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s office in 1890 France still viewed Germany with contempt and searched for revenge, while the situation in the Balkans continued to flare as did the tension between Austria and Russia. This leads me to believe that although BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy was successful in achieving his main objectives and solving problems in the short-term, all they did for the long-term was to simply delay the problems rather than resolving them. The Chancellor in fact made it difficult to maintain neutrality over the Balkans crisis in the long-term and it could even be said that too many alliances were made in an effort to obtain his goals, that it became too difficult to retain such a documented relationship with the other powers, and that perhaps Bismarck did not leave himself enough loose ends to play with the policies in the way he saw fit. Conclusively, it was probably an advantage for Bismarck that he left office in 1890, as it left Kaiser William II with the resulting problems to resolve and he was able to leave behind the tangle of long-term problems he had created. Bibliography: * The Unification of Germany 1815-90 Ã¢â¬â Andrina Stiles * Challenging History Ã¢â¬â European Powers 1815-1890 Plan Intro Ã¢â¬â GermanyÃ¢â¬â¢s political and economic situation in Europe post unification Ã¢â¬â 1871 Paragraph 1 Ã¢â¬â BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s main objectives in foreign policy and immediate problems he faced in Europe i.e. French desired revenge desire to isolate France etc Paragraph 2 Ã¢â¬â Success in foreign policy e.g. prevented having to choose between Austria and Russia due to Dreikaiserbund Paragraph 3 Ã¢â¬â Failures in foreign policy e.g. Congress of Berlin caused breakdown of Dreikaiserbund Conclusion Ã¢â¬â Was BismarckÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy a success? NO Ã¢â¬â only solved problems in the short-term and created further problems for the long-term 1 Challenging History Ã¢â¬â European Powers 1815-1890
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Saturday, September 28, 2019
# 8217 ; s Taxonomy Essay, Research Paper Bloom? s Taxonomy is the higher order of thought. Imagine a pyramid ; to acquire to the top, you must first complete what is on the underside. Bloom? s Taxonomy is divided into 6 different subdivisions, each one stipulating what accomplishments are being demonstrated. The first and easiest block is knowledge. In cognition you observe and callback of information, cognition of day of the months, events, topographic points, major thoughts, and of capable affair. Some hints to place cognition is if it asks or you list, define, state, depict, place, demo, label, collect, examine, tabulate, quotation mark, name, who, when, where. The 2nd measure would be comprehension. Comprehension consist of understanding information, appreciation significance, interpret cognition into new context, interpret facts, comparison, contrast, order, group, infer causes, predict effects. Keywords to descry Comprehension would be: sum up, depict, construe, contrast, predict, associate, distinguish, estimation, d ifferentiate, discuss, and extend. Layer figure three is Application. This is where it starts to acquire harder. Application involves utilizing information, methods, constructs, and theories in new state of affairss, work outing jobs utilizing needed accomplishments or cognition. Look out for these words to assist you place application: apply, demonstrate, calculate, complete, illust rate, show, solve, examine, modify, relate, change, classify, experiment, and discover. Step four is Analysis. Analysis involves seeing patterns, organization of parts, recognition of hidden meanings, identification of components. Question Cues: analyze, separate, order, explain, connect, classify, arrange, divide, compare, select, explain, and infer. The second to the last step, Synthesis, is hard, because now not only do the questions have to be answered for this, but the other steps should be done as well, to be able to fully understand. The elements that contribute to synthesis are: use old ideas to create new ones, generalize from given facts, relate knowledge from several areas, predict, and draw conclusions. Clue words include combine, integrate, modify, rearrange, substitute, plan, create, design, invent, what it?, compose, formulate, prepare, generalize, and rewrite. Last and definitely the hardest because incorporate all previous 5 steps, is Evaluation. Evaluation compare s and discriminates between ideas, assess value of theories, presentations, makes choices based on reasoned argument, verifies value of evidence, and recognizes subjectivity. Suggested hints include assess, decide, rank, grade, test, measure, recommend, convince, select, judge, explain, discriminate, support, conclude, compare, and summarize.
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Friday, September 27, 2019
The beneficial and harmfulness of bureaucracy to the reality of society - Essay Example However it poses severe limitation on individual freedom and idea of republican sovereignty. In a bureaucratic society there is regulation, hierarchy, specialization of tasks, personal and professional life. In a bureaucratic society there is division of labor and competition. There is a legal ideology and many societies have large bureaucratic administration system to manage their common affairs. The countries like India, China, Japan, France and Germany has developed a specialized system of bureaucracy in response to class struggle and monarchy. The maintenance of property relation, production system and labor system are all part of bureaucracy .Bureaucracy is a part of political system and it owes to the existence of a civil society .Bureaucracy is an integral part of many societies and it has its own benefits and harmfulness to the society. Bureaucracy being a system created for a civil society has lot of benefits to offer to a society .In a bureaucracy, the administrative system of a society is in an organized and strategic manner. There is a hierarchy of power and responsibility and there is no misunderstanding regarding the authorization of a person. In such a case people in a society can approach the right person to resolve their issue. Also, in bureaucracy there is fair chance to people and it discourages favoritism. Bureaucrats have good education and responsibility which means they can serve the people in a society in a better way. Much social process in a society takes place with the help of bureaucrats and it makes many areas of government work in a systematic manner. They work to promote public interest and like every day heroes. A society has people from various class, race and religion and in bureac there is no individual difference and people can expect equality. Bureaucracy promises fairness and equality and this is the best part. For a complex
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Thursday, September 26, 2019
Pearl Group of India - Case Study Example In the situation where world markets are contracting due to the recession the company needs to rectify the situation immediately or it is like to suffer irreversible losses. Ã The company has ample resources but the Board of Directors is convinced that some of its resources need to be reviewed for efficiency and results. To achieve such Functional capability and efficiency, the Board mandated the management to organize all its operations that were spread over a wide geographical area. They were given a time frame of twelve months to complete this exercise. Ã It is understood that the way to achieving efficiencies lies in Technology up-gradation. This was the most important, yet the weakest of all resources they have. To overcome this issue it was agreed that the best option was to have an integrated ERP solution and to discard the several smaller software packages. This would result in the seamless flow of data from point to point and instant information will be possible. This would form the backbone of the efficient organization. The ERP would provide the required system that was missing and would bring back resilience and efficiency in the organization. Most losses occur due to bad decisions that rely on inaccurate data or on assumptions only; therefore the biggest benefit of an ERP is whoever receives a meaningful report is able to take informed decision and thus ensure an increase in productivity and profits. Ã Use of computers has become universal and small packages have been developed to Inventory Management system. These are very versatile and give good and fast results and perform well when used in smaller organizations. When large organizations use them they are found short of requirements on several counts.
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Global ethical Issues - Research Paper Example Just war theory is a philosophy which seeks to determine when wars are morally valid to fight and also seeks to establish the principles for waging them. There are two parts of just war theory, Ã¢â¬Å"Jus Ad BellumÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Jus In BelloÃ¢â¬ (MacKinnon, 2012, pp. 243-244). The first of these tries to establish when causes are just, and the second tries to establish how exactly wars should be fought in a just way. Both of these are extremely important for waging just wars, as Ã¢â¬Å"even if a war were fought for a just cause, with the prospect of achieving more good than harm, as a last resort only, and with the proper intention, it still would not be fully just if it were not conducted justly or in accordance with certain principles or moral guidelinesÃ¢â¬ (MacKinnon, 2012, p244). Ã¢â¬Å"Jus Ad Bellum,Ã¢â¬ or the right to wage war, seeks to establish when it is morally valid to initiate a war. The simplest possible way of describing this part of just war theory is that unless you have a reason to initiate a war that is itself morally valid, there is no way the war will be morally valid. A few of the common criteria for just wars are Ã¢â¬Å"having just cause, being a last resort, being declared by a proper authority, possessing right intention, having a reasonable chance of success, and the end being proportional to the means usedÃ¢â¬ (Mosely, 2009). If all of these criteria are met, then it may be just to wage a war, although it is worth noting that Ã¢â¬Å"the lack of a strict ethical framework means that the principles themselves are open to broad interpretationsÃ¢â¬ (Mosely, 2009). Regardless of how strictly warring nations follow the Jus Ad Bellum principles, it is clear that they are informed largely by theories of consequentialist moral reasoning. This is the kind of reasoning which is not concerned so much with how something is carried out as it is with why. That is, Ã¢â¬Å"we should only be concerned about our actions in
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Wednesday, September 25, 2019
Scramble for and Acquisition of African Colonies - Essay Example End of the trade left a gap for commerce between the two continents. Since the capitalists had benefited from the slave trade, they intended to exploit the continent in different ways such as encouraging the continent to agree to a Ã¢â¬ËlegitimateÃ¢â¬â¢ trade that could eventually lead to colonization. Capitalists identified potential markets for goods that would be exported from Europe and plotted the course of trade routes that would be used when ferrying goods from Europe to African countries. These routes could also be used to transport raw materials from Africa to Europe. They also used the African workforce to work on plantations, which mostly grew cash crops that were the main raw materials for manufacturing other goods. Such crops included coffee, rubber, timber, sugar and palm oil. Since the colonizers wanted to exploit the labor in the African countries, they resulted to colonizing these countries. This implies that economic reasons were the main contributors to the scr amble for Africa as well as the exploitation of the raw materials present in these regions. In conclusion, the scramble for African states by European powers was projected towards exploitation of the continent although the colonizers posed as explorers. The capitalists exploited the resources that the continent could offer including human resources and raw materials that they used to manufacture goods meant for the African market. Although exploration and capitalism contributed towards the scramble, the real reasons were economic related.
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Tuesday, September 24, 2019
Law of Evidence - Essay Example ?3 Lord Lane refused to follow the previous authorities and exclude the confession, because the confession obtained in the Fulling case did not involve any deliberate impropriety on the part of the officer who obtained it. No intimidation was used, there was no bullying or hectoring, hence they could not be held to be oppressive. However, Dennis points out that the danger arising from the exclusions inherent in the definition of oppression in Fulling as follows: Ã¢â¬Å"The effect is that both the English and Australian Acts allow for the possibility of other, undefined, cases to fall within the prohibition on the use of oppression.Ã¢â¬ 4 Similarly in the case of Lam Chi-ming v the Queen, Lord Griffiths also explained the rationale for Section 76(2) in rejecting improperly obtained confessions, not only due to Ã¢â¬Å"possible unreliability, but upon the principle that a man cannot be compelled to incriminate himself.Ã¢â¬ 5 Exclusion of such confessions is also mandated by civilized society that requires the police to behave properly with those in their custody. (b) The general position in law has been that even when a confession is made voluntarily, the Courts have a residual discretion to exclude it in order to preserve the fairness of the trial. Where the question of inducement by an authority to elicit the confession by creating fear or hope of advantage arises, it must necessarily be excluded. However, Lord Lane articulates the view that an involuntary confession cannot be withheld as evidence, merely on the grounds of what the police had done or omitted to do.6 The difficulty of establishing implied inducement is his criterion for the statement that every voluntary statement will become inadmissible if the motives of authorities are to be assessed, because the police are interested in solving cases. However, LordÃ¢â¬â¢s LaneÃ¢â¬â¢s statement cannot be applied indiscriminately, because of the limitations identified above as the general position in law. 2. Counsel may not be
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Monday, September 23, 2019
The intended learning outcomes will normally be assessed in the following manner - Coursework Example Moreover, the graduate program taken has also enabled me to gain the right amount of competency and skills for taking care of information technology problems so as to render effective solutions for the same. I have gained the skills for conducting analytical functions in programs such as Microsoft Excel and also in rendering presentations through the use of PowerPoint. Skills gained on such basis has enhanced my competencies in providing analytical solutions to business problems, thereby presenting the same as strategic recommendations. Similarly, the graduate program has also contributed to developing my team working and team organising skills so as to render the best while operating in a synergised environment. I have gained needful understandings of the potential leadership skills required to rightly manage and convince people in different teams to help achieve organisational goals and objectives as a whole. Opportunities and Skills Required Presently, the job market in United Kin gdom presents large scale job opportunities for graduates in several sectors such as accounting, banking and the finance industry, logistics and purchasing departments of companies, sales and marketing, operations and engineering, journalism and mass communication, retail and the like. Apart from the listed job opportunities, the United Kingdom market also provides opportunities for graduates to work as management or recruitment consultants in the region. From the plethora of job opportunities listed above, the case of the retail industry would be studied so that the skills required for working in the sector would be evaluated. It is known that to work effectively in the retail sector in United Kingdom, an individual is required to firstly possess the right amount of analytical competencies. Secondly, the individual is also required to have significant knowledge about the commercial regulations pertaining to the region and thereby blend such knowledge with the right business aptitud e to render potential solutions. Thirdly, customers being the life blood of retail businesses, the individuals are required to possess effective customer servicing skills and team building skills so as to effectively convince the internal people to meet the organisational objectives. In addition to the above skill sets, it would be considered as a value addition if the individuals do possess the hand-on-experience for servicing customers at the floor level, and also the right knowledge of a potential customer base in the region (High Fliers, 2012, pp.10Ã¢â¬â29). Skills and Gaps Though I have gained the needed acumen to conduct analytical functions based on Excel, there are persisting gaps such knowledge of conducting and presenting effective forecasting activities related to demand and supply of merchandises based on evaluation of market changes. Similarly, a definite gap is also noted pertaining to the fact that there is lack of factual or
Posted by Unknown at 12:19 AM
Saturday, September 21, 2019
Islam and Christian Traditions Essay Christianity and Islam see recurring themes in beliefs and practices. They share stories from past prophets that declare they know the word of God. God tells prophets about a time before earth and gives them knowledge to spread to man. Life holds sanctity that is not for man to wander and do as their physical bodies might allow. Both Islam and Christian traditions make examples and tell the history of how God desires man to live. There are foretellings of vast destruction when man lives among evils and sin. Muslims say that, like God, Allah will see and end of man and will only accept the faithful into paradise. Traditions of Christianity and Islam can relate to each other by commemorating a higher power as known as God. The higher power in Christianity is known as God, while the higher power in Islamic traditions is known as Allah. In Islamic traditions, Allah shouldnt be confused with the God known in Christianity because the word Allah is translated as the God in Arabic. Christian and Islamic traditions have cosmogony, eschatology, afterlife, moral codes, and duties that serve the purpose in their existence. Both Islamic and Christian traditions will see some similarities and recurring prophecies that exist in their practices. Christian traditions and cosmogony can be found in the Bible. The Bible is many stories that contains passages from prophets of God and is compiled of several books. The book of genesis describes how God created the universe. He made light, darkness, heaven, earth, fruits and vegetables. On the fifth and sixth day of the week to create the universe and earth, God made beasts and made man that resembles the appearance of God. Genesis 1:29 said to man, I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food (BibleGateway, 2011). God warns Adam and Eve, the first of all mankind, that there is forbidden fruit that cannot be touched. Genesis 3:3 says, But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die (King James Bible Online, 2013). When Adam and Eve consumed the forbidden fruit despite Gods warning, Adam and Eve were cursed by God to multiply the earth. Eve, the first woman, was created by God to provide Adam, the first of all man, companionship. It was in her mistake that Adam fell under temptation to then be commanded by God to take power of beasts and man to begin the teachings of God on earth. Prophets of God taught man to obey commandments in order to be prepared for the end of the world. Prophets, pastors, preachers, or bishops in Christian sects will preach the gospel of the Bible that predict when Christ will return to earth and reach final days before heaven. Most interpretations of the Bible explain how there is good and evil; Evil will cause suffering for mankind. Christians believe that Christ will return and save those who are faithful to God when there is a final judgment of man. Matthew 24:14 reads, And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world for a witness to all the nations, and then the end shall come (Christian Bible Reference, n.d.). Evil will be taught through deception, so God will need true believers. There will be a place in heaven for Christians to live with God after their trial on earth. Man will be accepted into heaven if he upholds morals and duties that Christians are taught. Many Christians believe that heaven is a place on earth. The book of Luke (21:32-33) reads, Truly I say to you, this generation will not pass away, till all be fulfilled. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away (King James Bible Online, n.d.). In heaven there will once be so much evil that the wicked will overpower the good through violent wars. Like earth, God will create a new heaven for the blessed people. Heaven will be free from evil for many years until its end of days only through destruction and misery upon its holy place. In heaven killing is much of a sin as earth. God commands man not to sin such as killing, adultery, worshiping idols, and stealing among other things. If man upholds these morals and duties, he will be accepted to heaven when salvation comes. Traditions in Islam are similar religious practices that are commemorated through the Quran and are told how the earth and man were created. Like Christians, Muslims believe that Allah, or the God, created a heaven, a world, and the universe with all materials in it that are living or not. The book of Surat Al-Baqarah (2:29), in the Quran, reads, It is he who created for you all of that which is on the earth. Then he directed himself to the heaven, (his being above all creation), and made them seven heavens, and he is knowing of all things (Quran, n.d.). Islamic traditions began when the prophet Muhammad spoke with Allah. Allah told Muhammad of the creation of the first man on earth, who is known as Adam, who had a female companion. Allah also told Muhammad how Adam ate the forbidden fruit when he was restricted not to do so. Muslims eschatology tells how there will be an evil presence who will be violent and cause destruction. There is also an afterlife of heaven and hell as Christians believe. Although the evil are wicked, they too will be brought to heaven and see a final judgment from Allah. And as for those who disbelieves, I will punish them with a severe punishment in this world and the hereafter, and they will have no helpers (Quran, n.d.). Islamic traditions say how there will be an end of time. There will be warnings from Allah on earth. An antichrist will appear before the last day who will be cruel to man. Followers of the antichrist and the unbelievers of Allah may never reach heaven. Heaven will be a paradise that the Quran describes, No empty talk will they hear there, nor any call to sin, but only the tiding of inner soundness and peace (Religious Tolerance, 2005). Morals and duties are important to Muslims in order to avoid sin and reach heaven. Allah tells prophets of his commandments so that man will be holy and plentiful. The ones who break the covenant of Allah even after its (binding) compact and cut (off) what Allah has commanded to be held together and corrupt in the earth, those are they (who are) the losers (Quran, n.d.). Allah tells man not to steal, murder, disobey parents, covet, or commit adultery among other things. When man disobeys Allah, they are expected to know sin from righteousness and should repent for forgiveness. ..Except for those who repent after that and correct themselves. For indeed, Allah is forgiving and merciful (Quran, n.d.). The man who doesnt repent may be a sinner for life and will be questioned on judgment day. The Islam and Christian traditions both believe in a God that share similar interests for mankind. God and Allah teach man how they can return to heaven after their days on earth after Adam and Eves tribulations. Prophets will spread the knowledge to man from God as a lesson not to fail under certain temptations and have faith in God to live in paradise with him one day. After time, the rise of evil is bound to cause awfulness when man turns to disobedience and non believing even during a salvation. Heaven will be free from sin and man can live in a peaceful place until it is once again ruined by tribulations. God will continue to confide with man in order for glory to persevere.
Posted by Unknown at 11:07 PM
Friday, September 20, 2019
Analysis of the Legislative Implication of Food Competition BY KARAN SHARMA INTRODUCTION In this assessment, I have the opportunity to demonstrate the ability to analyses legislative implications for the real life project plan created in the previous paper. I will critically review and revised the project plan created to address legislative requirements producing a professional project plan document that complies with all the appropriate legal requirements. Everyone New Zealand expect the safe and healthy food. There are many factors that affect the safety of the food like laws and regulations of the country. The purpose of the Act. is to maintain the safety and hygienic of the food. In this assessment, I discuss the Health and safety Act. And Food safety Act. Etc. These laws are very helpful in food competition project. It is necessary to follow these laws and regulations to run this project successfully. ANALYSIS OF THE LEGISLATIVE IMPLICATION OF FOOD COMPETITION Analysis of legislation assumes a vital part in running the project, which includes improvement and testing. The breakthrough incorporates the visualization of internal project procedures and the flow of information, laws, and regulations that influence the execution of the framework and the planning of the tests. Analysis of legislations also includes seeing how the legislations and laws will affects the projects.Analysis of legislative is very crucial for every project because without follows the right laws and regulations we cannot run successfully our projects. I have analysis different types of legislations and regulations that are related to my project. I discuss this legislations and regulations as follows. HEALTH AND SAFETY HSWA 2015 Health and Safety are very important at workplace.so, it is very important Act. and related to my project. I discuss the main factor of The Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA) as follows. The Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA) is New Zealands workplace health and safety law. It came into effect on 4 April 2016. HSWA repeals the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992. HSWA recognizes that a well-functioning health and safety system relies on participation, leadership, and accountability by government, business, and workers. HSWA sets out the principles, duties, and rights in relation to workplace health and safety. A guiding principle of HSWA is that workers and others need to be given the highest level of protection from workplace health and safety risks, as is reasonable. RELATED ACTS. Electricity act. 1992 Gas act. 1992 FOOD AND SAFETY Food and Safety are the second legislation that is relevant to my project because my project based on food competition. Food Act 2014 helps make sure that food sold throughout New Zealand is safe.so, it is important to know about this legislation. A central feature of the new Act is a sliding scale where businesses that are higher risk, from a food safety point of view, will operate under more stringent food safety requirements and checks than lower-risk food businesses. This means that a corner dairy operator who reheats meat pies wont be treated in the same way as the meat pie manufacturer. The new Act promotes food safety by focusing on the processes of food production, not the premises where food is made. For example, someone who makes and sells food from a food truck must follow the same rules as someone who makes and sells food at a restaurant. The Constitution of New Zealand connects with Lawmaking body to make laws for the country. One of the immense legitimate limits is to choose a regulatory technique and to edge it, for the most part, talking about lead. Plainly such powers cant be given to various establishments. Regardless, recalling distinctive differing activities of a welfare State, it is unreasonable for the gathering to play out each one of the limits. In such situation, the doled out order comes into the photograph. Designated Administering body is one of the crucial parts of association whereby the official needs to play out certain managerial limits. Regardless, one must not disregard the risk related to the methodology of the task. Constantly, an overburdened Administering body may unduly outperform the cutoff purposes of the task. It may not set out any system; may broadcast any of its approaches as hazy and may set down any standards for the authority along these lines giving wide affability to the authori ty to change or modify any game plan encompassed by it without putting something aside for itself any control over the subordinate establishment. Thusly, in spite of the way that Chamber can assign some of its abilities, it must not lose its control absolutely over such limits. The focus of this asset is to analysis the various laws and regulations that have implication in this food completion. I identify the following legislations and regulation that are relevant to food competition project. These include others secondary legislations. Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 The Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA) is New Zealands workplace health and safety law. It came into effect on 4 April 2016. HSWA repeals the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992. This Act. is Very crucial and related to food competition project. After a critical analysis of my project, I identified this Act. Health and safety are very important in every project or at the workplace. The government decides and set up guidelines under this Act. Food Act 2014 After critically Food Act 2014 helps make sure that food sold throughout New Zealand is safe.so, it is important to know about this legislation. Helps make sure that food sold throughout New Zealand is safe.so, it is important to know about this legislation. I have critically analyzed this Act. And I found that how this law related to my food competition. In this law mainly focus on the food and set up guidelines to ensure the quality of food. So, my project is directly related to the food that is why this law related to my project and it is necessary to comply with this law very carefully. The purpose of analysis of legislation is very clear and it is important to analyses laws before project implementation. There are various reason behind it. As we know that every project is related to laws and it is important to comply with laws and regulation. If we do not comply with these laws then, later on, we face serious problems that are affected the project. As I have discussed before laws and regulations related to Food competition like HSWA. HSWA has their own set of guidelines and rule that are good for the safe work environment. If we neglect this law and worker and staff those are working in an organization or in a project will affect as well as the project will be failed. For running project successfully we need to identify the right laws and regulation that are important to comply. For the identification of laws and regulation, it is good if we meet with the law consultant. They provide proper information about the laws and regulation that are relevant to the projects. The Early analysis will help me to deal with legal problems. It is important to follow the law and regulations to secure our projects. So, I have time to minimize the risks and I can make strategy how we can identify and follow the laws and regulations. The purpose of the legislative is to identify the legal requirement. Implication strategy plays important role in every project. In this strategy, we make strategy according to the requirement and time. The above analysis of legislations will help me in the implementation of my project successfully and safely. I also know about the risks and other things that are harmful to my project. CRITICALLY REVIEW PROJECT PLAN TO ADDRESS LEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENT Critically review project plan is to address legislation requirement that is necessary to have a clear understanding of what is meant by this in the project. The review has an important function to help provide background and context to the legislation, establishing the legislation problem and the gap which you aim to fill through the consideration of previous work. Whilst many projects often grasp this, project manager fails to run the project successfully because they do not review the project plan properly. If we review the project plan critically than we are able to identify legislation that is necessary for the project. I have identified law and regulation that are relevant to food competition. After that, I critically analyze this Act. But, main motive of critical review of project plan is to address legislations. There are some laws and regulations related to my project as follows. HEALTH AND SAFETY Health and Safety are very important at workplace.so, it is very important Act. and related to my project. I discuss the main factor of The Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA) as follows. The Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA) is New Zealands workplace health and safety law. It came into effect on 4 April 2016. HSWA repeals the Health and Safety in Employment Act 1992. FOOD AND SAFETY HSWA 2015 Food and Safety are the second enactments that is pertinent to my venture in light of the fact that my venture in view of nourishment rivalry. Food Act 2014 ensures that nourishment sold all through New Zealand is safe.so, it is imperative to think about this enactment. A focal element of the new Demonstration is a sliding scale where organizations that are a higher hazard, from a nourishment security perspective, will work under more stringent sustenance wellbeing necessities and checks than lower-chance nourishment organizations. This implies a corner dairy administrator who warms meat pies wont be dealt with in an indistinguishable route from the meat pie maker. CONSUMER RIGHTS Consumer Guarantees Act. 1993 This is third legislation that is relevant to my project Consumer guarantees and your rights. The Consumer Guarantees Act (CGA) protects consumers by, among other things: Making repairs, replacements or refunds part of the law Setting minimum standards that businesses have to meet. Everyone from your garden store owner to your electrician has to meet their responsibilities under the CGA. This means that if you have a problem with a product or service, you can do something about it. As before analysis, I try to identify the laws and regulations that are relevant to my project. It is also important to identify the risks are related to project and affected by legislations. As before, I have discussed the law and regulations as well as its importance. I also discuss the risks if we do not comply with these laws there are certain risks like an accident, project fail, food poisoning, hazards related to food, fire accident, allergies related to seafood and drinks etc. Risk Management is a procedure for distinguishing, breaking down and reacting to hazard considers for the duration of the life of a venture with a specific end goal to give a judicious premise to basic leadership concerning all dangers. Appropriate hazard administration suggests the control of conceivable future occasions, and is proactive as opposed to responsive; so it is implanted into the venture arranging process. It will lessen the probability of an occasion happening, as well as the size of its effect. There are some risk that I have not consider as before like risk related to liquor as follows Wellbeing/security Harm is the in all probability impact (for instance falls, vehicle mishaps and attacks), however you can likewise overdose on liquor. Legitimate Liquor adds to criminal conduct, for example, strikes, property harm, muddled or hostile conduct, and drink driving. Social Issues can go from losing companions in light of the way you act when youre intoxicated to not having the capacity to pay charges due to over the top spending on liquor. National rules recommend that you have close to four standard savers on a solitary event to lessen your danger of liquor related damage. There are four rules to lessen wellbeing dangers from drinking liquor. In the event that at least four standard beverages put you in danger of damage, it bodes well that it might likewise put you and the general population around you at danger of legitimate and social results. Sale and Supply Act. 2012 is needed to comply with this project because if liquor serves in this project then it is compulsory to comply with this law. If we have do not comply with this legislation than it affects the project. HUMAN RIGHT ACT. 1993 Human rights will benefit regular ought to every person, whatever our nationality, put of residence, sex, national or ethnic starting, covering, religion, language, or some different status. We require help the entirety likewise met all requirements for our humanitys benefits without detachment. These benefits are all around interrelated, associated Whats more affected. Each and every piece complete humanitys benefits is constantly conveyed Whats more ensured Toward law, of the sorts from guaranteeing settlements, standard around the globe theory, general standards. Around the globe humankinds benefits law sets down duties from guaranteeing organizations to one motion on particular courses on the other hand on going without beginning with specific acts, keeping over mind that breaking point target ought to impel Additionally to secure human benefits besides focal shots about family then again social affairs. REVISE PROJECT PLAN TO ADDRESS THE LEGISLATIVE REQUIREMENT Revise project plan is very important to address the legislative requirement. I have discussed these things as follows. Once your project is underway the role of your overall goal plan changes from just a plan to a control device. It is common that activities will take longer than previously expected and that the initial order in which you hoped to complete your tasks might have to change due to certain resources becoming unavailable. The only way to combat these problems is to redraft your original plan to take these issues into consideration. As tasks are completed and certain goals are achieved, revising your research plan will be necessary and will result in changes to the initial goals list. Certain activities will be broken down into greater detail and some may be lost, while others may be added because of this there are need to add new legislations into the plan. So, in this way, there are several benefits to review the plan to address legislative requirement. Most projects are failing for the reason is they do not review the plan and fail to comply with legislations that are related to the project. There are need to improve the previous project plan because as above I have discussed new legislations and related risks or hazards related to the project.so, it is unavoidable to add these new legislations into the elevated project plan. As I have discussed in the early stage of this assessment about the legislation that I identify in the beginning of this project. After the critical review of a project plan to address legislation, I found some new statute that is I have discussed above and its importance. So, there are need to put this new legislation into the project plan. UPGRA0DED PROJECT PLAN PROJECT OUTLINE I am planning to organize a curry night for my clients. My clients wish to promote cultural integration. As FREEDOM Institute of Higher Education is based upon the vision to realize sustainable social, cultural, environmental and economic wealth and FREEDOM for all, I plan to organize the event at level 1, 610 Victoria street Hamilton. It will be held on 03-03-2017. This project is for to promote Indian cuisine and culture, promote FREEDOM Institute of Higher Education as well as to promote cultural integration This project will help me with future employment opportunity. It is for food competition at freedom institute of higher education. AUDIENCE Student Guest Facilitator Management STAKEHOLDER This project is for freedom institute of higher education. Stakeholder in this project as follows Contestant Sponsors Facilitator Student ACTIVITY Entertainment: There are much activities under the entertainment like different kind of songs, for example, Punjabi, Hindi, and English as well as videos. There will be playing some games for entertainment like musical chairs etc. Meal menu: In meal menu, I plan to divide cuisine into two section vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Assign people: ASSEMBLE TEAM Music -> Himani Menu -> Simran Ushering -> Jahanvi Food -> Angela M.C. -> Andrea Judges: there are three judges for this event and also winner announce with public voting. Rules and regulation: there are several crucial rules and regulation for this Food Competition event like hygienic food, health, and safety, entry form formalities etc. Venue: I plan to organize the event at level 1, 610 Victoria street Hamilton. It will be held on 03-03-2017. Contestant: we invite everyone to participate in this completion. Promote: for the promotion of this event we use poster etc. PROJECT OBJECTIVES To promote Indian culture and also to promote different kinds of taste To promote cultural integration Get together activities Cultural differences will be consider PROJECT BUDGET COST DANCE VENUE MUSIC CURRY INCOME RAFEL TICKETS ENTRY TICKETS SPONSORS 10 LEGISLATIONS AND REGULATIONS RELATED TO PROJECT Ã Ã I obtained advice from the Hamilton city council and Waikato community law center on the regulations and laws related to my project. A field trip was organized by my facilitator. LEGISLATIONS HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT.2015 FOOD AND SAFETY ACT. 2014 CONSUMER GAURANTES ACT.2015 HUMAN RIGHTS ACT. 1993 SALE AND SUPPLY LIQOUR ACT. 1993 RISKS RELATED TO LEGISLATION RISKS GENERAL ACCIDENTS FIRE ACCIDENTS FOOD POISIONG ALLERGIES PROJECT FAIL 11 REFERENCE FOOD AND SAFETY ACT. (2015). Retrieved from http://www.legislation.govt.nz/regulation/public/2015/0310/latest/DLM6684211.html Consumers Guarantees Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.consumer.org.nz: https:///articles/consumer-guarantees-act?gclid=CL3ip56d5tICFRMHvAod61wFdw Health and Safety at workplsce Act. 2015. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.worksafe.govt.nz: http://www.worksafe.govt.nz/worksafe/hswa new zealand legislation. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.legislation.govt.nz: http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1993/0082/latest/DLM304212.html Project. (n.d.). Retrieved from project images: https://www.google.co.nz/search?q=PROJECT+PLAN+IMAGEStbm=ischimgil=d_beD9274cmUiM%253A%253BYZSQH7VCL6xqZM%253Bhttp%25253A%25252F%25252Fpmtips.net%25252Fblog-new%25252Fcomponents-project-plansource=iupf=mfir=d_beD9274cmUiM%253A%252CYZSQH7VCL6xqZM%252C project review. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.projectreview.net: http://www.projectreview.net/home3.html sale and supply liqour Act. 2012. (n.d.). Retrieved from new zealand legislation: http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/2012/0120/latest/DLM3339333.html
Posted by Unknown at 9:55 PM
Thursday, September 19, 2019
Who Benefits from Government Policies There are many companies, taxpayers and agencies that benefit from the promotion of production of ethanol. As noted in one resource, Ã¢â¬Å"Big Oil pocketed tens of billions of dollars through a little known subsidy called the Volumetric Ethanol Excise Tax Credit (VEETC)Ã¢â¬ (Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association, 2010, Take Action). Farmers in developed countries who receive subsidies from the government reap benefits from this policy because the more corn, or sugarcane, that is produced for ethanol, the larger the profit is for the farmers. Subsidies also help these farmers in producing more products for the ethanol that is demanded. As the text states, Ã¢â¬Å"By lowering production costs, subsidies help domestic producers in two ways: (1) competing against foreign imports and (2) gaining export marketsÃ¢â¬ (Hill, 2011, p. 207). Taxpayers see large benefits from ethanol production, but the benefits of sugarcane ethanol are larger than those with corn ethanol. As noted in one resource, Ã¢â¬Å"Gasoline with sugarcane ethanol is $2.88 per gallon, where gasoline with corn ethanol is $2.92 per gallonÃ¢â¬ (Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association, 2010, Economic Advantages). The government, for example, in the United States, also benefits from polices set in place. As noted in one resource, Ã¢â¬Å"Corn ethanol production has hit record levels this year , beating government goals and creating a surplus for exportÃ¢â¬ (Krauss, 2011, Ã ¶ 10). Who Benefits from Tariff Barriers on Imported Sugarcane As discussed in the text, there are two parties who benefit from import tariffs: the government and domestic producers. For the government, tariffs increase revenues. For domestic producers, tariffs provide the ability to afford ... ...ed January 29, 2012, from http://e360.yale.edu/feature/the_case_against_biofuels_probing_ethanols_hidden_costs/2251/ Hill, C. W. (2011). Global Business Today (7th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Krauss, C. (2011, July 7). Ethanol Subsidies Besieged. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/08/business/energy-environment/corn-ethanol-subsidies-may-be-in-jeopardy.html?pagewanted=all Peters, G., PhD (2011, February 16). A Look Behind Rising Food Prices: Population Growth; Rising Oil Prices; Weather Events. Message posted to http://ourfiniteworld.com/2011/02/16/a-look-behind-rising-food-prices-population-growth-rising-oil-prices-weather-events/ Radcliffe, B. (2011). The Basics Of Tariffs And Trade Barriers. Retrieved January 29, 2012, from http://www.investopedia.com/articles/economics/08/tariff-trade-barrier-basics.asp#axzz1ktwQdZhy
Posted by Unknown at 10:19 PM
Wednesday, September 18, 2019
The Great Gatsby and The Wasteland FitzgeraldÃ¢â¬â¢s Great Gatsby and ElliotÃ¢â¬â¢s The Wasteland are two stories that similarly express the modernist post-war disillusionment. Both stories comment pessimistically on the direction that our world is moving in from the post-war modernist perspective. Both men looked past the roaring twenties, and realized that this time period was actually a moral wasteland. The final paragraphs of The Great Gatsby sum up their mutual lack of faith in American culture to improve. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Fitzgerald uses a number of both direct and indirect ways to comment on what has happened to America. The green light is a recurring symbol in this book that has many deep meanings. Beginning in the first chapter, when Nick compares the green bulk of America rising from the ocean to the green light at the end of DaisyÃ¢â¬â¢s dock, this symbol takes on many meanings. This is the green light that drives Gatsby, this is the green light symbolizes the new money and materialism in the world. This shows that money is now the new driving force in the world, and that people work to consume. This ties into the fact that Gatsby went to great lengths to become rich solely to impress Daisy with his wealth. Additionally, Gatsby showed off this wealth by showing her all of the shirts that he had purchased. All of this points towards the emerging consumerism in American society. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The green also seems to symbolize the automotive industry, which was one of the biggest parts of the new consumer culture. Henry Ford made a policy of paying his workers high wages, because he realized that if they were paid more, they themselves would become consumers of his products. Today, cars are often seen as a status symbol, which began back in the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Wasteland of ElliotÃ¢â¬â¢s is analogous to the valley of ashes between West Egg and New York City. It is an industrial wasteland that was clearly created by large corporations and industries. This valley of ashes symbolizes the moral decay created by limitless pursuit of wealth. The valley of ashes is a place inhabited by the poor, and polluted by the rich. This shows that the only people who have to accept the consequences of corporate greed are the working class themselves. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã ElliotÃ¢â¬â¢s The Wasteland describes Europe as a very bleak place after the First World War. In the final section, the speaker bothers Stetson about th... ...green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but thatÃ¢â¬â¢s no matter- tomorrow we will run faster, stretch our arms fartherÃ¢â¬ ¦ and one fine morning- Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Nick comments once again on GatsbyÃ¢â¬â¢s pursuit of this perfect future that will never materialize. He also says that this our world is deteriorating even further, but expresses some hope for the future. He expresses optimism not in our culture, but in human beings to strive for improvement. Nick ties up all of the sentiments on this page with the conclusion Ã¢â¬Å"so we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past.Ã¢â¬ This statement ties back into the idea that people will strive to improve themselves, but the state of things are so bleak that it is like trying to row upstream. It also means that while people try to work for a perfect future, the best they can hope for is to be Ã¢â¬Å"borne back ceaselessly into the past.Ã¢â¬ Elliot and Fitzgerald share a mutual pessimism regarding society, but a confidence in individuals. They both share a very modernistic take on the post-war world, and hope that the power of individuals can break through the restraints of their society.
Posted by Unknown at 11:40 PM
Millions of people around the world suffer from incurable diseases and disorders. Everyday brings a new challenge, a new obstacle to overcome as they search in vain for a way to ease the pain brought upon them by the disease or disorder they carry. Autism is one of the many mental disorders that plagues the planet. Autism is defined as, Ã¢â¬Å"A set of symptoms that include limited social abilities and highly patterned behaviorÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"AutismÃ¢â¬ 1), and though many treatments are available world wide, as of now, there is no cure. This mental disorder is growing rapidly. In fact it is growing so quickly that now every 1 in 110 children is diagnosed with autism and there is a new case diagnosed every twenty minutes. The scariest statistic to date states that this year more children will be diagnosed with autism than AIDS, cancer, and diabetes combined (Ã¢â¬Å"Autism SupportÃ¢â¬ par. 4).Due to this developmental disabilityÃ¢â¬â¢s rampant increase, parents are desperate t o discover a treatment that will help their children. Treatment options for autism are growing rapidly, however only a few handfuls prove reliable and affective. Autism is not one clear cut disorder. Cases of autism range in levels of severity. The autism spectrum defines the different intensities of autism, ranging from Asperger syndrome to childhood disintegrative disorder, also known as CDD (Ã¢â¬Å"AutismÃ¢â¬ 1). Symptoms defining the autism spectrum include, Ã¢â¬Å"difficulty maintaining eye contact or looking directly at objects of interest; repetition of sounds or physical motions; difficulty adapting to changes in environment or schedule; and inability to understand and participated in Ã¢â¬Å"make believeÃ¢â¬ scenariosÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"AutismÃ¢â¬ 1-2). However, before the autism spectrum came about, the disorder itself had ... ...the world moves forward to discover new technologies and advances in medicine, new autism treatments are being revealed as well. Unfortunately not all of these treatments are considered effective and or respectable. Autism Speaks Incorporated and the National Autism Center are two of the most respectable sources for families who have children with autism to search for possible treatment options suitable for their children. Both these organizations list applied behavioral analysis one of the most successful treatment options. Shock therapy (a therapy not included in either Autism Speaks Incorporated or the National Autism Center) is a highly debated treatment due to ethical reasons. Autism affects more people every year. For now, there is no cure for autism but if families choose the correct treatment method for their children, the symptoms can be greatly reduced.
Posted by Unknown at 1:01 AM
Tuesday, September 17, 2019
Alexander L. Division. In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in Science and Technology IV (Physics) October 3, 2011 Chapter 1 Problem and Its Background A. Introduction For almost three decades, farmers in the Philippines have been using chemical fertilizers, pesticides and growth regulators in their crop production strategies. Despite the high cost of these inputs, and the farmers' awareness that they can adversely affect soil fertility, food quality, human and animal health, and environmental quality; they are used extensively because there are few alternatives that would be considered practical and feasible.One reason for this is that university-based research has strongly promoted the use of agricultural chemicals as ten Test means AT canceling ten enlightens possible crop yelled. I nee predominant question then is how can the farmers shift from a chemical-intensive agriculture to one that is based on the utilization of natural systems, and still maintain their economic Viab ility. It is encouraging that there are some efforts now underway by university researchers, the Philippine government, and the private sector to develop nature farming as an alternative to chemical-based agriculture.The government. The critical role of the agriculture sector in a country's overall economic development as stylized in economic development literature is well known. It releases surplus labor to the industry and services sectors. With 70 percent of the country's poor coming from the rural areas where agriculture is the dominant source of livelihood and employment, the importance of agriculture to the Philippine economy cannot be overemphasized. B. Background of the Study Plants are affected by different substances that come into contact with them. These effects may be good or bad.There are certain substances such as fertilizers, which have a positive effect on the growth of certain plants, more specifically peachy (Brassier ARPA variety cheesiness). Peachy is commonly u sed in cooking in Filipino households. It requires little attention as it is a very hardy plant. It is rich in vitamins A, C, K, and fiber as well, which are all good for our bodies. They grow best in cold seasons. The researchers selected this study to know the effects of different colors of cellophane in peachy. The researchers wanted to find out if these materials would benefit or cause damage to the peachy plant.C. Statement of the Problem The study aims to know the effects of different colors of cellophane in peachy plant especially intent to answer the following questions. 1 . What color of cellophane has the greatest effect on peachy plant in terms of its color of leaves? 2. What color of cellophane has the greatest effect on peachy plant in terms of its height? 3. How tall is peachy plant with the following colors of cellophane: green, red, yellow and clear cellophanes? Compare it to the height of peachy plant without cellophane. D.Significance of the Study Since agriculture is one of the main sources of income for the people in the entry, the researchers would want to determine if different colors of cellophane would affect ten growth Ana color AT pecans plant. I Nils study tout ten erects AT different colors of cellophane is significant because this study will educate the people how the use of cellophane can affects the growth and color of peachy plant. If this study is successful, the researchers will be able to inform the people on how they can make their plants grow faster .Through this experiment, we might be able to find ways of increasing the growth of the peachy plants. E. Conceptual Framework [pick] Chapter 2 Review of Related Literatures and Studies A wide variety of Oriental greens are prepared as vegetables, and many are available to gardeners in Philippines. These greens belong to several different species, and there are several varieties of each, making their classification a bit confusing. Brassier ARPA (synonym,B. Campsites) is the pre dominant species, with several different varieties. Chinese cabbage is Brassier ARPA vary. Kinesics, which includes subtypes that form heads, known as won book and Nap cabbage, as well as leaseholder types. Imbuing and mizzen greens are B. Arrival. Monopolistic; these lawns form fairly large clumps with many stems bearing narrow leaves. Peachy (Brassier ARPA vary. cheesiness) includes types called white cabbage, spoon cabbage, choc Sam (Singapore), pack choc (Hawaii), and taigas and Sharon Pan), as well as others. The preferred type of peachy has dark green leaves and long, white, somewhat wide petioles. Some other varieties have shorter, slightly green petioles.Some varieties are grown for the flowering stems rather than the leaves . The mustard greens grown in the southeastern United States, and the aria and Carson grown for oilseed in India and Pakistan. It is also called brown mustard and Indian mustard. Its forms are variable, with leaves that are smooth or hairy, entire or div ided, and petioles that are either narrow or wide. Compared to peachy, its leaves are lighter green and its petioles are green and shorter. The flowering breccias include choc sum (B. Arrival. Parenthesis), purple flowering pack choc (B. Arrival. Rupture), and Chinese broccoli or Gillian (B. Learner vary. Laborer). Peachy (Brassier ARPA L. C.v. group Pack Choc') is an erect, biennial herb, cultivated as an annual about 15-30 CM tall in vegetative stage. Ovate leaves are arranged spirally and spreading. The petioles are enlarged and grow upright forming a subtropical bundle. Inflorescence is a raceme with pale yellow flowers. Seeds are 1 mm in diameter and are reddish to blackish brown in color. (http://www. Dwarfed. Ad. Gob. PH/peachy. HTML) Uses Ana Nutritional value Peachy is used mainly for its immature, but fully expanded tender leaves.
Posted by Unknown at 3:20 AM
Monday, September 16, 2019
If one is interested in reading a disturbingly detailed and factually based novel that chronicles the course and motives of complex crime, read Truman CapoteÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold Blood: A True Account of a Multiple Murder and Its Consequences. Ã¢â¬ If one scares easily, is squeamish or wants to avoid imagining a remorseless, brutal killer around every corner, do not. In his 1965 nonfiction novel, Capote paints a disturbingly vivid picture of the quadruple murder of the Clutters, a highly regarded and semi-wealthy farming family from Holcomb, Kansas.In Cold Blood examines the incentives and methods used by the killers, as well as the effect these murders had on the small Kansas town. Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold Blood,Ã¢â¬ what many consider CapoteÃ¢â¬â¢s masterpiece, was one of the first novels of its kind: nonfiction. This genre requires an author to possess the Ã¢â¬Å"just the factsÃ¢â¬ attitude of a journalist, while still maintaining the ability to tell a detailed and aesthetical ly pleasing story. To write Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold Blood,Ã¢â¬ as a journalist would, Capote traveled to Holcomb.He planned to interview residents about their methods of coping with the tragedy. While in Holcomb, the CluttersÃ¢â¬â¢ murderers, Perry Smith and Dick Hickock, were caught. After that, CapoteÃ¢â¬â¢s novel evolved into something more complex. He spent the next six years following the trial and interviewing the murderers and Holcomb residents. Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold BloodÃ¢â¬ showcases CapoteÃ¢â¬â¢s true talent for both journalistic and prose writing. If one considers all the sources used in the novel, it is clear that an abundant amount of research and effort went into this work.In the acknowledgements preceding the novel, Capote wrote, Ã¢â¬Å"All the material in this book not derived from my own observation is either taken from official records or is the result of interviews with persons directly concerned, more often than not numerous interviews conducted over a considerable period of time. Ã¢â¬ Not only did he spend the better part of a decade conducting interviews and reviewing documents, but Capote also did his best to re-create the thoughts and feelings of those vital characters with whom he could not speak, the Clutter family.He did so through interviews with others and his own inferences. Additionally, he did the same to fill in any other character gaps. Because Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold BloodÃ¢â¬ is composed mostly of interviews, a large part of the novel is dialog. The dialog not only keeps readers interested, but also offers an insight directly into the mind of the killers and the townspeople. Words straight from the mouth of Perry Smith or Susan Kidwell resonate much better with readers than a simple paraphrase from Capote ever could. Readers cannot help but cringe and reach for their jugular as they read SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s graphic descriptions. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize what IÃ¢â¬â¢d done till I heard the sound. Like somebody drowning. Screaming under water,Ã¢â¬ said Smith. Similarly, KidwellÃ¢â¬â¢s account of the event adds an even deeper emotional aspect to the story. Her words are haunting. Of finding her friend that day, Kidwell said, Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember screaming. Nancy Ewalt says I did Ã¢â¬â screamed and screamed. I only remember NancyÃ¢â¬â¢s Teddy bear staring at me. And Nancy. Ã¢â¬ Throughout Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold Blood,Ã¢â¬ Capote illustrates several journalistic characteristics, one of which being oddity.The murder of a nice family from a small town is certainly unusual, especially when no motives or suspects fit the case. Additionally, when the killers were caught, their indifference towards the crime varied drastically from what one would expect. Dick even said, Ã¢â¬Å"I know it is wrong. But at the time I never give any thought to whether it is right or wrong. The same with stealing. It seems to be an impulse. Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold BloodÃ¢â¬ also demonstrates proximity and human interest. Hol comb, Kansas is comparable to Any-town, USA.Because this crime and location seemed to be, at first, so randomly chosen, they peak human interest. Capote did a great job emphasizing the consequential insecurity felt by the Holcomb residents. He instilled that fear into readers, and they are sure to assume that each bump in the night is Perry Smith sneaking lightly to their bedrooms. While Capote did quite well making Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold BloodÃ¢â¬ newsworthy, he failed to practice one important principal of journalism. Capote did not maintain an independence from those whom he covered, so his writing showed bias.In a novel that required so much research and so many interviews, it is understandable that Capote would become friendly and sympathetic of the Holcomb citizens. However, Capote became sympathetic of the killers, especially Smith. While Perry murdered the Clutter family, Capote so obviously favored him over Dick. Throughout the novel, Smith is described as a gentle man with a co nscience, and it is indicated that he may have mental problems. CapoteÃ¢â¬â¢s characterization of Smith was designed to make readers pity him.Dick, on the other hand, is almost always portrayed as a heartless and brutal man who is fully responsible for his actions. In the end of the novel, Capote even alludes to the radical idea that Perry should not receive the death penalty. All in all, Ã¢â¬Å"In Cold BloodÃ¢â¬ is a well-written and interesting novel not designed for the weak of heart. CapoteÃ¢â¬â¢s masterpiece is sure send a shiver up readersÃ¢â¬â¢ spines and leave paranoia in their minds. Capote does show some bias in his writing, but given the situations, it is understandable.
Posted by Unknown at 5:39 AM
Sunday, September 15, 2019
Violin Concerto in B minor, Op.61 is one of the most well-known concerto works which composited by Edward Elgar. Elgar first composited this masterpiece and dedicated to Fritz Kreisler, a famous violinist and composer of early 20th century. On the 10 November 1910, Kreisler played this violin concerto as the first violin player on the premiere with Elgar conducted the concert. This concerto brought Elgar to another but last peak of his composition career. Also, this is one of his most popular and representative works. Violin Concerto in B minor, Op.61 is a piece that Elgar had put tons of his own emotions and personal feelings into the melodies. In the article, Ã¢â¬Å"Charles Sanford Terry and ElgarÃ¢â¬â¢s Violin ConcertoÃ¢â¬ which introduced by Alison I. Shiel in Ã¢â¬Å"Edward Elgar and His WorldÃ¢â¬ , Shiel mentioned, Ã¢â¬Å"Scholars have subjected the concerto itself to detailed analysis, much of it in terms of the gender of it various themes, the implication being that the melodies are meant to represent some romantic entanglement of ElgarÃ¢â¬â¢s, past of present.Ã¢â¬ The first movement of the concerto is a beautiful sonata with few related themes which change in various ways. You can find out the tutti and soloist somehow at a point also presenting two different melodic ideas at the same time. The solo part perfectly expresses the love and the words in the Ã¢â¬Å"WindflowerÃ¢â¬ poem. Beautiful violin positions shifting and the soft bowings complete the feelings of romantic relationship. This is no way for people to question love like this after listening to this masterpiece from Elgar, which presented his love to the one.
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Saturday, September 14, 2019
Essay: In what ways do the historical origins of social work influence the current profession in Ireland? In order to provide an in-depth discussion on how the historical origins of social work have influenced the current nature of the profession in Ireland, it is important for me to provide a specific understanding of what the term denotes. Defined by Smale, Tuson and Statham (2000; 5), Ã¢â¬Ësocial work is about the interventions made to change social situations so that people who need support or are at risk can have their needs met more appropriately than if no intervention were madeÃ¢â¬â¢. Morales and Sheafor (1977) state that Ã¢â¬Ëprofessional social workers are dedicated to service for the welfare and self-realisation of human beings; to the disciplined use of scientific knowledge regarding human and societal behaviour, to the development of resources to meet individual, group, national and international needs and aspirations; and to the achievement of social justiceÃ¢â¬â ¢. Many individuals, other than field social workers and including all those who work in residential, day care and domiciliary care, otherwise known as social care or care workers are all involved in different types of social work. The Emergence of Social Work According to Sheldon and Macdonald (2009, p.19), Ã¢â¬Ëthe term Ã¢â¬Ësocial workÃ¢â¬â¢ was first used in Britain at the end of the nineteenth centuryÃ¢â¬â¢. During this era, people practiced social work in an attempt to establish more realistic ways of overcoming social distress as opposed to relying on traditional forms of charity work and philanthropy. Skehill (1999) and Darling (1972) state that Irish social work shares many traditional aspirations of social work elsewhere, such as in Britain and Finland and has been influenced by such countries. However, it is also shaped by the particular nature of IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢s society and by key political processes within the country over the past centuries. Albeit Ireland Ã¢â¬ËindustrialisingÃ¢â¬â¢ at a different rate in comparison to England and elsewhere, key features of modern society such as: the growth in expert knowledge in relation to individuals and the family, the emanation of new expert professionals and the emergence of a liberal form of government do appear to have had an impact on shaping Irish social work (Skehill, 1999). Earlier forms of social work in Ireland evolved from religious motives which included the giving of alms and the giving of service. Skehill (1999) highlights that the relationship between theÃ religious bodies and their concern with the provision of charitable relief is of great importance, with the rivalry between Catholic and Protestant charities being the most significant aspect of the religious base of charities in the 19th century. Down through the years, Ireland has been a place where individuals have been Ã¢â¬Ëinspired by a sense of vocation and largely guided by intuitionÃ¢â¬â¢ (Darling, 1972; 24). Such individuals have endeavoured to alleviate the pain and suffering of the casualties within our society. An example of such heroic bodies in Ireland includes Ã¢â¬ËMary Aikenhead, daughter of a Cork doctor and founder of the Order of Irish Sisters of Charity, who began prison visiting in Dublin 1821Ã¢â¬â¢ (Darling, 1972; 24). The 19th century is Ã¢â¬Ëcharacterised by a whole plethora of charitable activities relating to education, health and welfareÃ¢â¬â¢ (Skehill, 1990). In England, social work began with the identification, categorisation and organisation of various charities, which is most evident in the work of the Charitable Organisation Society. The COS evolved in 1869 and was primarily known as the Society for Organising Charitable Relief and Repressing Mendicity. This charitable body had a specific aim of attempting to address the disconnectedness between philanthropic organisations and bring these bodies together under some coherent umbrella (Skehill, 199). Over the same period of time (19th century), no such major body for social work existed in Ireland, however at the beginning of the 20th century the Irish state saw an attempt to standardise charity within the country. Notably, the nature of social work in Ireland is highlighted by the Ã¢â¬Ëlink between philanthropy and its broader cultural and political discursive field, the relations between religion and charity, the gendered nature of practices, and the individualistic approach to soc ial problemsÃ¢â¬â¢ (Skehill, 1990). Although, social work progressed to a greater extent in the 20th century, one could argue that some of the most defining characteristics of its current shape in society could be accredited to its earlier presence in the 19th century (Skehill, 1990). For example, social work in Ireland continues to be a practice that is primarily interested in assisting the less well off in society, with families and children being a key target for social work intervention and practice remaining individualistic. Also, the profession has continued to function traditionally based on caring for and overlooking the clients of its service (Skehill, 1990). Because of this, itÃ is important to look at certain aspects of philanthropy in 19th century Ireland in order to explore the charitable worksÃ¢â¬â¢ contribution to the present day social work strategy (Skehill, 1990). Although social work began to emerge in the 19th century, it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that a coherent strategy o f social work developed (Skehill, 1990). What is significant about social work in the early 20th century is that it continued to be characterised by continuities in voluntary charity work and developed towards a more Ã¢â¬Ëstrategic and structured practice of professional social workÃ¢â¬â¢ (Skehill, 1990; 61). However, throughout this era, social work also expanded due to a dual process of development between interacting strands of cultural, political, intellectual and institutional progression. This dual process of development includes Ã¢â¬Ëthe emergence of training and education for social workers and the continued expansion of untrained social workÃ¢â¬â¢ within charitable bodies (Skehill, 1990; 97). The pattern of social work training that established in the 20th century persisted in the following decades, with the continuation of an individual focus, home visiting, in-depth inquiries and concentration on the poor, women and children remaining to be at the core of itsÃ¢â¬â¢ practice. In Ireland, the health and welfare service continued to develop in the mid-20th century and as a result, had a crucial influence on the evolution of social work within this period. There was a decrease in the influence of the Catholic Church, professional training and employment for social workers increased and the State developed a greater role in the provision of social services which led to increasing opportunities for the development of social work. According to Darling (1971), formal social work training in Ireland began in 1899, when Reverend R.M. Gwynn established an association in Trinity College Dublin, with a primary aim of promoting the study of poverty. Ã¢â¬ËThe establishment of the Civic Institute of Ireland in 1914 marks a significant step in the evolution of social work in IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢ (Skehill, 1999; 91). The main aim of this society was the Ã¢â¬Ëstudy and investigation of all questions and problems affecting the lives of the Irish public in their capacity as citizens or as inhabitants of a city, urban or rural area of IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢ (Civic Institute of Ireland, 1914 in Skehill, 1999; 91). Bibliography * Considine, M. and Dukelow, F. (2009) Irish Social Policy: A critical introduction, Dublin: Gill & Macmillan Ltd. * Sheldon, B. and MacDonald, G. (2009) Textbook of Social Work, London: Routledge. * Skehill, C. (1999a): The Nature of Social Work in Ireland, a Historical Perspective, Lewiston, USA: Edwin Mellen Press. * Morales, A. and Sheafor, B.W. 1977. Social Work: A Profession of Many Faces. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Inc. * Darling, V. (1971) Ã¢â¬ËSocial Work in the Republic of IrelandÃ¢â¬â¢. Social studies, Irish Journal of Sociology, 1(1)24-37. *
Posted by Unknown at 10:17 AM
Friday, September 13, 2019
The assessment for this module is an End Course Assessment (ECA) constituting report based on the MINI case study - Essay Example This failure can have a profound negative impact on the brand equity of the parent or corporate brand. The second positive application of this strategy deals with the addition of a new brand in the brand portfolio of the parent company. This step gives a fresh outlook to the corporate brand portfolio and enables it to nurture a Ã¢â¬Å"StarÃ¢â¬ . This strategy, also gives some breathing space to the aging brands of the corporation, thereby extending the lifecycle of the entire brand portfolio. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s analyze the marketing strategy of MINI on pertinent dimensions: 4PÃ¢â¬â¢s Framework: The marketing mix or 4PÃ¢â¬â¢s, as they are called, reflects the important strategies of the organization regarding the product, price, promotion, and place (Fill, 2009). Product The product under consideration is the MINI car, which launched its new model in 2001. In addition to this model the company has the following brands of cars: New MINI, MINI One, MINI Cooper, Cooper S, Cooper D, MINI Convertible, MINI Clubman and MINI Countryman. Price The pricing method used by the company to appraise its cars is Ã¢â¬Å"value-based pricingÃ¢â¬ . This method of pricing is consistent with the strong brand equity of the car. Since the car is a symbol of a specific kind of lifestyle, therefore it carries immense value for the followers of this kind of lifestyle. These followers are willing to give extra when it comes to expressing their peculiar lifestyle. This makes MINI exclusive and inaccessible to every car buyer. Promotion Industry followers have always found MINIÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing campaigns to be very innovative, lively and peculiar. These attributes make these campaigns very successful. When MINI launched its new 2001 model, it employed adventure campaigns to enhance brand awareness. This campaign had at its core the concept of buzz marketing. By the use of this concept the company amplified its core association of: Excitement, Uniqueness and Fun. Through this campaign th e company very successfully raised the level of awareness of its brand, and created a word of mouth effect among its customer community. This campaign employed both traditional and contemporary marketing tools and tactics, for instance media houses were brought into this campaign, print and online advertising was done along with promotional material being planted in hot spots(important public centers). Through Ã¢â¬Å"Bondage Fetish leatherÃ¢â¬ , the company extended its adventurous and likely nature. In this entire promotional campaign the company engaged its target audience and fan community. The company employed methods which led to their (audience and community) participation. In this endeavor the company also made use of digital community forums like social networking sites e.g. Face Book, Twitter, YouTube. One unique method used in this endeavor was MINI Space, which brought together the MINI community. This community used to engage in online conversations in the form of thre ads, to communicate their opinions about the car. Direct marketing tools like emails and instant messages were also used. A unique king of email was sent to customers, containing a game in it. This mail was very
Posted by Unknown at 12:35 PM
Thursday, September 12, 2019
Management and Organizational Behaviour Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words - 1
Management and Organizational Behaviour - Essay Example ost cutting initiatives the question of quality control has arisen, a key component within the strategic and functional management of any organization, regardless of sector, product or service. Hence analysis of the quality control aspect, as well as related factors should be undertaken, with the recommendations of creating a conducive environment for the promotion of leadership attributes, quality control and the encouragement of the teamwork aspect to ensure that a continual monitoring across all levels of the organization ensues, in line with sufficient quality control methodologies. In order to provide advice regarding the issues of leadership and teamwork within an organization, a sound understanding of these concepts regardless of the firm in question is required. The different types, techniques and related processes involved within leadership require analyses in so far as aiming to increase or improve the quality of leadership within the organization, whilst aiming to improve the level and success of teamwork. The level of quality and efficacy of the leadership itself can start within the company itself, as provided by Manning & Curtis (2007) in "research shows that the evaluation of leaders by employees can be a valuable tool" (p. 308) and hence the suggestion of utilising this mechanism would be forthcoming, additionally the authors provide that "teamwork is essential for success of the group" (p. 177) which has a direct bearing upon this analysis. The level and nature of leadership upon such groups and teams will in all likelihood influence the success of any teamwork, based upon the understanding of the group as well as the influencing of the behaviour of the group, by the manager or leader (Mullins p. 298.) In order to assess the efficacy of how leadership and teamwork affect the organization, either in a positive or negative way, one of the most relevant examples or case studies is that of the Harley Davidson Company, and the leadership of the
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Wednesday, September 11, 2019
Court History and Purpose - Essay Example In the United States of America, courts are organized into two systems; the state and federal court systems. In this respect, the U.S. court system is organized in dual or has a two-tier structure as noted by Siegel, Schmalleger and Worrall (2011). The state courts have the responsibility of hearing cases that do not involve the federal government or several states. The two tier system historically came about as original colonies surrendered their independence to the central government while maintaining jurisdictional distinction. The development of courts in the U.S. is a result of several factors. Some of the elements that have played a role in court development in this respect include common law, early legal codes, and precedent (Siegel, Schmalleger & Worrall, 2011). Common law tradition that is applicable in the U.S. today originated in England (law.berkeley.edu., 2012). This tradition was applied in British colonies in the middle ages. On the other hand, civil law tradition orig inated in the same period in continental Europe. The tradition was applied in European colonies including Portugal and Spain and later was adopted by numerous countries including Japan and Russia. Civil law systems have legal codes that are comprehensive and that are constantly updated. Civil law outlines the framework within which judges work and make rulings with legal scholars and legislators playing the more critical roles in the system. Civil law originated in Latin and was applicable to all citizens of Rome. In time, ancient Roman law principles were adopted by Europeans in an effort to meet modern needs (Stein, 2009). With the practice of civil law in Europe became common practice, local customs found a significant role as a basis for the development of law. The U.S. legal system is firmly grounded on common law tradition as practiced in England in the early days (law.berkeley.edu., 2012). In as much as common law relies on a few statutes, most decisions made in this respect are based on precedent. This means that the courts today make decisions on issues based on similar cases that have been decided in the past. Generally uncodified, common law has been practiced in courts based on court records, and year books. As an example, Louisiana state law is founded on civil law (codified law) owing to the fact that the state was previously a territory for the Spanish and French (law.berkeley.edu., 2012). California on the other hand has a state civil code that is based on traditional Roman civil law although the law as practiced is mostly common law. The stateÃ¢â¬â¢s current community property law, for example, is based on the legal customs of ancient Spain as opposed to English common law (law.berkeley.edu., 2012). As can be seen from the examples given above, the common and civil law traditions as applied in the U.S. courts have a rich history and are associated with ancient foundations of modern law. Role of courts in criminal justice Criminal justice enc ompasses the set of government institutions and practices that are dedicated to the maintenance of social order, crime prevention, and sanctioning of those who contravene the law. While several organizations and government agencies form part of the criminal justice system, one of the main players in this respect is the court. The court plays a major function in criminal justice system. The separation of the roles of elements of the criminal
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Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Cell biology &genetics - lab report - Essay Example The objective of this experiment is to observe the several stages of mitosis in an onion root cell through a light microscope. Onion root tips were prepared by washing in clean water then rinsing with distilled water. After this, a root tip section about 2mm in thickness was cut from the root tip using a sterilized scalpel; this was then placed on a glass slide with a drop of distilled water on it to avoid dehydration. Afterwards the root tip section was them fixed in CarnoyÃ¢â¬â¢s fluid inside a Bijou bottle for about 10 minutes. After fixing, the section was then transferred to a Petri dish containing distilled water where it was rinsed for approximately 2 minutes. After rinsing, the root tip section was then placed inside a bijou bottle containing 1 ml of 1M HCl and incubated at about 60Ã¯â °C for about 5 minutes. The contents of the tube were then poured into a Petri dish and the root tip carefully picked out using forceps and transferred into another Bijou bottle containing aceto-orcein which was then left in a dark chamber for about 10 minutes. The bottle was then removed from the chamber and the root tip carefully removed using forceps and placed on a slide on which a drop of 45% acetic acid had been placed, this was then covered with a cover slip. By this time the root tip section was already well softened and stained; the tip was then squashed by slightly tapping on the cover slip with a pencil until it was evenly spread out under the cover slip as a pink mass. The glass slide with the root tip ready for observation on the microscope was then transferred to a light microscope and viewed at x400 magnification strength. Photographs of the cells undergoing mitosis were then taken and drawings made of the various stages of mitosis. It was observed in the experiment that the cell division process assumed all the four stages shown in the images above and that the staining clearly revealed the features of all the four stages it takes for a cell
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Monday, September 9, 2019
Commercial Law - Essay Example According to the problem, Gill who had made hire-purchase contract with BobÃ¢â¬â¢s Motors by exchanging her Ford Fiesta with Nissan Micra by overlooking her previously made contract with Universal Finance. Besides, the third problem in this case depicts the issue of serious engine fault in a second-hand Nissan 370Z sports car by Hussein after purchasing it from BobÃ¢â¬â¢s Motors. Therefore, the study provides relevant advice to Hampshire Hire Ltd, Universal Finance Ltd and Joan along with Hussein on the basis of the case situation. The discussion of the study provides the claims that can be made by each party relating to the case and also ensures to demonstrate effective remedies that are available for the parties to claim their responsibilities. With reference to the problem associated with the case of BobÃ¢â¬â¢s Motors Ltd., it has been ascertained that John, a key representative of the company (BobÃ¢â¬â¢s Motors Ltd.) had entered into a valid contractual agreement with Hampshire Hire Ltd. for selling Nissan Note cars for Ã £13,000 each. According to the deal, BobÃ¢â¬â¢s Motors is likely to deliver four new Nissan Note cars on 25th June 2014. In the similar context, Hampshire Hire has accepted the terms and conditions of the contract and agreed to carry the pre-ordered vehicles at his own risk. However, the transporter had undergone natural calamities that led all the pre-ordered Nissan Note cars by Hampshire Hire to explode. In this context, BobÃ¢â¬â¢s Motors has denied to take the responsibility regarding the incident. Subsequently, it can be stated that the incident associated with the explosion of four Nissan Note cars during the delivery to Hampshire Hire occurred due to lightning. In relation to the concern associated with the case of Hampshire Hire, the occurrence of such unavoidable incident can be termed under the consideration of Force Majeure. According to Sale of Goods Act in English contract law, it
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4 articles about UK politics - Essay Example The safety of the population is put at risk as the politicians try to save the government money by keeping criminals out of jail and they try to win votes during election season, also by doing the same thing. The result of which, according to Bray, is a higher crime rate and a slap on the hand of the repeat offenders. Bray made it clear that he wanted the politicians to stop using the judicial system for their personal benefit. It was, he said, the job of the politicians to make sure that the prisons could hold the convicted so that they would be taken out of society for the benefit of the greater good. He also said that the police needed to step up and do their jobs. The statements made by Bray were contradicted by Justice Minister Jeremy Wright however. Justice Minister Wright explained that Bray made statements in error as the conviction rate for criminals has been on the rise since 2010 and the criminals were staying in prison longer than Bray indicated. He also dismissed claims of government and police interference in the sentencing of criminals. Coalition Spending Revealed: Crime Agencys Ã £336,573 Outlay on Mercedes Vans for Special Projects, a Ã £27,000 Parking Bill at Gatwick Airport and Ã £108,000 PR Spend Among Government DepartmentsÃ¢â¬â¢ Public Accounts Oliver Wright of The Independence reports that a snapshot analysis of the government spending over the first 2 months of this year shows just how mismanaged the government finances are. Apparently, there have been a few questionable government project awarded to private contractors. Thanks to the government rules, these figures were made public because the amount of the contracts were all over the Ã £25,000 limit. As the report progressed, more and more disturbing disbursement of the public funds were found. These included the National Crime Agency payout to Mercedes Benz in the amount of Ã £336,573 for the
Posted by Unknown at 12:11 AM